Oral Pathology is a specialized arm of dentistry that studies the diagnosis and treatment of disease affecting the mouth and surrounding structures. The diseases can affect teeth, gums, supporting bones, tongues, salivary glands, and the temporomandibular joints as well.



What are common oral diseases?

While tooth decay and gum disease may be the most common oral issues, there are also a number of oral diseases that can affect mouth which includes:

• Herpes Simplex Virus: also known as cold sores
• Oral Thrush: caused by a fungal infection in the mouth
• Black Hairy Tongue: in which the tongue papillae grow abnormally, appearing hairy and black. It is caused by excessive tobacco use, poor oral hygiene and radiation treatment.
• Oral Cancer: They are cancerous cells/tumors that develop in any part of the oral cavity including lips, tongue, gums, the inner lining of cheeks, the roof of the mouths and under the tongue.

What oral pathology services we give to our patients?

Our expert dentists are always here for your oral screenings which are the initial step for early detection of any suspicious disease.

What is a cyst?
A cyst is an abnormal sac surrounded by fibrous tissue that commonly occurs either due to inflammation or during the development of a tooth. The inflammation can be due to severe gum infection or sometimes the cause is not clear. An odontogenic cyst is a lesion in the jaw that is associated with teeth growth.

Based on several sites of cyst formation and infection, cysts are classified as:
• Gingival cysts- forming in the gum or soft tissue of the jaw bone
• Glandular odontogenic cysts: forming in the front portion of the jaw
• Lateral periodontal cysts: forming around the side surfaces of a tooth root
• Radicular cysts: forming in the jaw even after the tooth is removed
• Dentigerous cysts: common ones that form around the crown of a developing tooth.

Diagnosis of a cyst at Samaj Dental
Cysts are most often detected through regular X-ray exams. Our dental professional may investigate the cyst further using sensibility testing, or a biopsy and examination of the cyst lining. These diagnostic tools allow the dental professional to identify the type of cyst and plan appropriate treatment.

How long does it take for cyst to be removed?

It is crucial to remove cyst surgically because over time they can increase in size and become harmful for your health. The duration of the surgery depends on the nature and the location of the cyst. For instance, jaw cyst removal generally takes up to 1 hour.