Are you having problems with your jaws? If you are, then jaw surgery or orthognathic surgery might be your option.
What is Orthognathic surgery?
It is the corrective jaw operation that straightens your jaw and other related skeletal deformities. A jaw defect may affect your speech, chewing functions, sleeping habits, long-term oral health, and aesthetic look.
Orthognathic surgery is done by oral and maxillofacial surgeon in a hospital and the procedure may include maxillary or mandibular surgery, or both.
Who will be benefitted by it?
The major objective of orthognathic surgery is to correct severe malocclusion (improper bite) which affects daily oral functioning such as speech, chewing food and appearance. Also, American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons state that the following conditions may also prompt a need for jaw surgery which includes:
• Chronic Jaw pain
• Involuntary mouth breathing
• Injury to the jaw
• Open Bite
• Protruding Jaw
• Inability of your lips to come together
What are the different options for jaw surgery?
Depending upon your condition and which part of your jaw needs rectification, there are three major types of jaw surgery.
• Maxillary Osteotomy (Upper Jaw Surgery)
This type of surgery corrects a crossbite, significantly receded upper jaw. In this procedure, the oral surgeon cuts the bone above your teeth so your jaw and upper teeth can be moved to fit properly with the lower teeth. Once the jaw has been realigned, the oral surgeon places tiny screws and plates to hold the bone in its new position.
• Mandibular Osteotomy (Lower Jaw Surgery)
This procedure is done to correct a significantly reduced lower jaw. In this procedure, the surgeon makes cuts behind the molars and lengthwise down the jaw bone for the easy slide of jawbone to its new and correct position. After cutting, it’s held in place with screws until it heals.
• Genioplasty (Chin Surgery)
This type of surgery corrects a receded jaw. Here, your oral surgeon cuts your chin bone and secures it into a new and correct position.
How long does it take to recover after the surgery?
Almost all the orthognathic surgery require initial healing time of 2-6 weeks and the secondary healing taking up to 4 months. Patients are able to return to work 2–6 weeks after the surgery, but must follow the specific rules for recovery for ~8 weeks