Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a specialized arm of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of disorders affecting the facial complex and skeleton, including the jaws and oral cavity.

Here at Samaj Dental, patients are referred to our Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon after proper diagnosis and examination. In many instances, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons work in collaboration with other specialists such as orthodontists, ear nose and throat surgeons, plastic and reconstructive surgeons and oncologists as part of multidisciplinary teams to optimize the treatment of major conditions and diseases of the mouth, faces, and jaws.

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FAQ

Wisdom Teeth Removal

When you reach your late teens or early twenties, you will develop your third and final set of molars, known as wisdom teeth. For some lucky ones, these grow properly without any pain or mis-alignment, however, for most, they come out painfully and are misaligned and hence require removal.

Who will be benefitted by it?

Poorly aligned wisdom teeth can crowd or damage adjacent teeth, jawbone and even the nerves. When they start to grow, they erupt through the gum. They do not grow steadily and the partial eruption of the teeth allows bacteria to accumulate in the opening and cause infection. If you suffer pain, swelling, jaw stiffness and illness, then you need to visit your dentist right away and get it removed after proper consultation.

Nevertheless, in some cases, a small cut in the gums is all that is needed for the wisdom tooth to erupt completely. On contrary, to prevent gum disease and other oral problems, you might require full extraction of the tooth.

How long does wisdom teeth removal take?

The procedure usually takes up to an hour and half, sometimes two depending on the condition of the teeth.

After care following Wisdom tooth removal

It is better to avoid any contact or pressure on the wound in the first 24 hours after the removal. If you need to rinse your mouth, or drink water, do it slowly.

Sticking to a soft diet like soup or mashed potato is best-aimed that minimizes the need to chew. If you want to start reincorporating food from your regular diet, your dentist or surgeon will recommend it; most people just wait about 3-4 days to follow a regular diet.

Orthognathic Surgery

Are you having problems with your jaws? If you are, then jaw surgery or orthognathic surgery might be your option.

What is Orthognathic surgery?

It is the corrective jaw operation that straightens your jaw and other related skeletal deformities. A jaw defect may affect your speech, chewing functions, sleeping habits, long-term oral health, and aesthetic look.

Orthognathic surgery is done by oral and maxillofacial surgeon in a hospital and the procedure may include maxillary or mandibular surgery, or both.

Who will be benefitted by it?

The major objective of orthognathic surgery is to correct severe malocclusion (improper bite) which affects daily oral functioning such as speech, chewing food and appearance. Also, American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons state that the following conditions may also prompt a need for jaw surgery which includes:
• Chronic Jaw pain
• Involuntary mouth breathing
• Injury to the jaw
• Open Bite
• Protruding Jaw
• Inability of your lips to come together

What are the different options for jaw surgery?

Depending upon your condition and which part of your jaw needs rectification, there are three major types of jaw surgery.

Maxillary Osteotomy (Upper Jaw Surgery)

This type of surgery corrects a crossbite, significantly receded upper jaw. In this procedure, the oral surgeon cuts the bone above your teeth so your jaw and upper teeth can be moved to fit properly with the lower teeth. Once the jaw has been realigned, the oral surgeon places tiny screws and plates to hold the bone in its new position.

Mandibular Osteotomy (Lower Jaw Surgery)

This procedure is done to correct a significantly reduced lower jaw. In this procedure, the surgeon makes cuts behind the molars and lengthwise down the jaw bone for the easy slide of jawbone to its new and correct position. After cutting, it’s held in place with screws until it heals.

Genioplasty (Chin Surgery)

This type of surgery corrects a receded jaw. Here, your oral surgeon cuts your chin bone and secures it into a new and correct position.

How long does it take to recover after the surgery?

Almost all the orthognathic surgery require initial healing time of 2-6 weeks and the secondary healing taking up to 4 months. Patients are able to return to work 2–6 weeks after the surgery, but must follow the specific rules for recovery for ~8 weeks